A King and a Priest – Melchisedec

melchisedec or melchizedek

The mystery of Melchisedec is one of the most exciting mysteries in the Bible! Let’s dig deeper and unravel this mystery of mysteries.

Please note: you might sometimes see me spell the word as Melchizedek in this post. This is because different bible interpretations used a different spelling for the name.

Over the ages there have been several different conclusions which have been made about who Melchisedec is. There are those who have said that he is God the Father, others have said He was Noah’s son shem. Below is a list of other conclusions which have been made about who Melchisedec is:

* A manifestation of the Holy Spirit
* Jesus Christ in his pre-incarnate state
* Michael the archangel

Today we will study and see what we can learn from this character. There is a deeper lesson to learn regarding who Melchizedek was and what his ministry was about. Without wasting any more time let’s go straight to the bible and read about him:

And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all. Gen 14:18-20.

Mechidezek is a king and a priest, he seems to suddenly appear on the scene in the book of Genesis 14 without any mention of him prior to these verses. He then quickly dissappears and he slips out of the scene. We don’t hear about his life again but what we will find is that the bible goes on to make further commentaries about in the book of Psalms and also in Hebrews.

From the verses we just read above in Genesis we have learnt that:
* He was a King (King of Salem- also known as Jerusalem, see psalms 76:1-2)
* He was a Priest (A priest of the most high God) and that he blessed Abram.
* He brought forth Bread and wine
* Melchizedek Blessed Abraham
* Abram paid Tithe’s to him.

Interesting. The first thing I notice here is Mechizedek seems to be more significant than Abraham especially considering that Abram paid him TIthes and also that Melchizedec blessed him.

As we go through the bible the next chapter that speaks about him is found in psalms 110:1,4

The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool…The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.

If we look in the Book Acts 2:34-37 we see that this passage is actually quoting from the booking of psalms 110:1 which is what we just read. Okay so Let’s now see whats Acts 2:34-37 says:

For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, Until I make thy foes thy footstool.Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made the same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.(King James Version) Acts 2:34-37

We now see that this was a messianic prophecy that was speaking about Jesus Christ. So in other words Christ is a King and a Priest in the same way that Melchizedek was a King and a Priest.  (See Psalms 110:1,4 and Acts 2:34-37)

Let’s now go into Hebrews Chapter 7 where the bible futher reveals more truth regarding this man Melchizedek. Let’s go deeper.

Hebrews 7

Hebrews 7:1-3 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace; Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.

We know that the priesthood of Aaron(The levites)  kept records and you had to prove that you were from the tribe of Levi in order to be part of that priesthood ministry(See numbers Chapter 3). The priesthood of Melchizedek had to be of a different order because he couldn’t have been a priest of the levi tribe since there was no record of him.

Hebrews 7:4-10 Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils. And verily they that are of the sons of Levi, who receive the office of the priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is, of their brethren, though they come out of the loins of Abraham: But he whose descent is not counted from them received tithes of Abraham, and blessed him that had the promises. And without all contradiction the less is blessed of the better. And here men that die receive tithes; but there he receiveth them, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth. And as I may so say, Levi also, who receiveth tithes, payed tithes in Abraham. For he was yet in the loins of his father, when Melchisedec met him.

Essentially, what is being sad here is that Melchisedec was greater than Abraham. He is greater because Abraham paid Tithe to him and also Melchisedec blessed Abraham. This is quite interesting. So what this passage then goes onto say is that since the Levites came through the line of Abraham it means that they also paid Tithe to Melchisedec through Abraham’s tithe. The priesthood of Melchisedec is greater than the priesthood of Levi because the Levites paid Tithe through Abraham. And as I may so say, Levi also, who receiveth tithes, paid tithes in Abraham. For he was yet in the loins of his father, when Melchisedec met him. (see Hebrews 7:9)

Jesus as a Priest

And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him; Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchisedec. Hebrews 5:9-10

Jesus Christ is now our High Priest(Hebrews 8:1), who is according to the Priesthood of Melchisedec.
Hebrews 6:20: Whither our forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an high priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
It was Christ that spoke through Melchizedek, the priest of the most high God. Melchizedek was not Christ, but he was the voice of God in the world, the representative of the Father. (1BC – SDA Bible Commentary, page 1092) 

Without father, without mother, without descent

Melchizedek was without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life. Hebrews 7:3

“Our knowledge of this remarkable personage is derived only from Genesis 14, Psalm 110, and what Paul has written concerning him in the book of Hebrews. Many things respecting him are purposely concealed by the Holy Spirit, and it would, therefore, be fruitless for us to attempt to bring them to the light. He was king of Salem; he was priest of the most high God; he was, by virtue of his office, even the superior of Abraham; Christ is a priest after his order. He once met Abraham and received tithes of him, and blessed him. This is the substance of our knowledge of Melchisedec. When it is asked whether he was not identical with this or that remarkable man of his time, or when it is inquired of what race he was, and who were his parents, and how long he lived, and when he died, the answer must be, that we are not informed touching these things. But the following language of Paul has given rise to many strange speculations concerning him. Paul says of him that he was “without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.” (Hebrews 7:8) 

Now, if these words be taken in an absolute sense, they can be true of no human being. Adam alone, of all the human race, was without father, and without mother, and without descent. But Adam had beginning of days and end of life. Enoch had no end of life, but he had all the other things which Paul says Melchisedec had not. So of Elijah, who, by the way, did not exist till long after the days of Melchisedec. Every member of the human family, except Adam, has had parents, and every one has had beginning of days; and indeed, with two exceptions, everyone has had end of life. Even the angels of God have all had beginning of days, so that they would be as much excluded by this language as the members of the human family. And as to the Son of God, he would be excluded also, for he had God for his Father, and did, at some point in the eternity of the past, have beginning of days. So that if we use Paul’s language in an absolute sense, it would be impossible to find but one being in the universe, and that is God the Father, who is without father, or mother, or descent, or beginning of days, or end of life. Yet probably no one for a moment contends that Melchisedec was God the Father. 1. He is called the priest of the most high God. Hebrews 7:1. It is the business of the priest to make offerings to God. He surely did not make offerings to himself. 2. He is called by Paul a man, though greater than Abraham. 3. Paul speaks of him in Hebrews 7:6 as really having descent, though he does not know what it was. 4. Melchisedec in Genesis 14:20 blesses the most high God, a plain evidence that it was not himself he thus blessed. Melchisedec is said to be made like unto the Son of God. But this shows that he is not God the Father; for he is not made like his Son, nor indeed does he have existence derived from another. But the Son is said to be the express image of his Father. Hebrews 1. 

What then do the words of Paul in Hebrews 7:8 really signify? We have seen that they cannot be taken in an absolute sense; for they involve us in contradictions and absurdity. But if they are taken in a limited sense, and interpreted according to the manner of speaking that was usual with the Hebrews, we shall find them easy of explanation. The Hebrews kept very exact genealogical registers. Particularly was this the case respecting their priests; for if the priest could not trace his genealogy back to Aaron, he was not allowed to serve in the priesthood. Those who could not show their record in such tables were said to be without father and mother, and without descent. This did not signify that they had no ancestors, but that the record of them was not preserved. This is exactly the case of Melchisedec. He is introduced in Genesis without record of his parentage, the Holy Spirit having purposely omitted that matter. He is said by Paul to have no beginning of days, nor end of life. This does not mean absolutely that there was no beginning of existence with him, for it is only true of one being in the universe, viz., God the Father. But the evident meaning of the apostle is this: that no record of his birth or of his death appears in the history which is given us of him. He appears without any intimation given us of his origin; and the story of this priest of the Most High ends without any record of his death. These things were purposely omitted that he might be used to represent, as perfectly as possible, the priesthood of the Son of God. And so the same Spirit of inspiration that led Moses to withhold these particulars concerning Melchise- dec, did also lead Paul to use that omission to illustrate the priesthood of Christ. We would do well to leave the case of Melchisedec just where the Scriptures leave it.” (J. N. Andrews, September 7, 1869, Review & Herald, also found in the January 4, 1881 edition of Review & Herald

The Relationship between the Levites, Melchizedek and Jesus

“There were two orders of the priesthood, the Melchizedek and the Levitical. The Melchizedek order preceded the Levitical order. In Abraham’s day the priest Melchizedek was king of Salem as well as priest of the Most High God. (Gen. 14:17-20) Although there is not much said in the Bible of the Melchizedek order of the priesthood, it was superior to the Levitical order, for Christ was made a priest after the order of Melchizedek. (Heb. 6:20)The Levitical order extended from the time Israel came out of Egypt until the cross; since that time we have the priesthood of Christ, of which all earthly priests were a type. Christ being a priest after the order of Melchzedek, we are now living under the Melchizedek order of the priesthood. There are many particulars given in regard to the Levitical order; and as all the Levitical priests served “unto the example and shadow of heavenly things,(Hebres 8:5)” when we study the Levitical priesthood, we are really studying the priestly work of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ”. (Snippet from the book – A cross and it’s shadow, Stephen N. Haskell, Chapter 10, The Preists)

As a summary of that passage:Jesus is a Priest according to the order of Melchizedek but the work he is doing is that which the Levite Priests and High Priest carried out. A further study on the Levites will be published soon.


Now this is the main point of the things we are saying: We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens, a Minister of the sanctuary and of the true tabernacle which the Lord erected, and not man. (NKJV, Hebrews 8:1,2)

Jesus is in now in the Most Holy place of the heavenly Sanctuary and his work as our high priest is nearing its completion. This is the time for true repentance and for us to examine our lives to prove that we’re living according to Gods word. This is the time to make sure that sin is not our master but rather let’s be servants of God. (See 2 Corinthians 13:5, Romans 6:16,19 for the need for self examination.Read the last verse below and see how we should constantly live by faith, knowing that we have a great High Priest called Jesus)

Seeing then that we have a great High Priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need.
Hebrews 4:14-16.

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