Amazing Book of Romans Overview

book of Romans overview

As time has gone by I’ve come to love the book of Romans. It’s a book rich in terms of doctrinal information about the gospel but also its probably one of the most practical books in the entire bible. I’ve now decided to study this book again but this time round I’ll be sharing an overview of the book to help those who want to know what the bigger picture is. In other words as part of this post we will answer the question “what is the main theme of the book of romans”.


Quick Facts about the book of Romans

  • Book Name: The epistle to the Romans
  • Written around: 56-58 AD
  • Original audience: Addressed to the Christian Church in Rome
  • Author : Written by Paul the apostle
  • No of chapters: 16
  • Book location: 6th book of the new testament
  • Total reading time: 52 minutes (based on someone reading at average speed)
  • Most Popular Bible Verse: Romans 1:16 “For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek (all Gentiles).”

Quick facts about Paul the author

  • Name: Formerly known as Saul of Tarsus
  • Trade: Tent-maker
  • Religious: Early on in his life he was a Pharisee
  • Conversion: During a trip to Damascus he experienced a vision which led him to a conversion experience that turned him into one of the most influencial Christian individuals that spread the gospel on a global scale
  • Books: Half of the books in the new testament are written by him
  • Interesting facts: When Paul converted to Christianity he was now preaching the same message that he had passionately persecuted the Christians for

Book of Romans Overview [Infographic]

Book of Romans overview - infographic

Romans covers key topics related to salvation such as Justification by faith which is the foundation of the gospel message. I love the quote found in the book Acts of the Apostles which says:

“In his epistle to the Romans, Paul set forth the great principles of the gospel. He stated his position on the questions which were agitating the Jewish and the Gentile churches, and showed that the hopes and promises which had once belonged especially to the Jews were now offered to the Gentiles also.” ~Acts of the Apostles

Click here for 20 powerful quotes about the book of Romans.

Summary of the book of Romans – Chapter by Chapter Overview

Romans the great letter of the Apostle Paul and summarized Chapter 1:16 “I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ because it is the power of god for the Salvation of everyone who believes” (paraphrased). This book is systematic laying out of the gospel and to us and telling us how it applies to life, therefore if there is one book in the New Testament to study to grasp the big picture of the doctrine of the gospel and its application this is that book! it’s absolutely marvelous!

It begins in chapter 1 and chapter 2 with the problem by looking at the problem that is addressed by the gospel. In chapter 2 and 3 Paul demonstrates why we are Sinners, what that actually means, our powerlessness to change our own condition and our own inability to keep the law of God.

At the end of chapter 3 we see what God has therefore done so marvelously that God has presented Christ as a propitiation for our sins. The word propitiation is the very center of the New Testament teaching that there on the cross the wrath of God(separation from God) was poured out on our Lord Jesus Christ, he entered everything that hell is so that we would never know what it was like. That’s what was happening on the cross. Those who are in him are forgiven,  the word Justified is used, that’s the Greek word that Paul uses.

At the end of chapter 3 we see what God has accomplished on the cross through Jesus Christ for you and me. Chapter 4 gets into “how do I get related into Jesus Christ” and the answer is through faith. Paul speaks of how Abraham had Faith looking forward to Jesus and we have faith looking back to what Jesus did.

Jesus is the one that we put our faith in and he’s the one who delivers us. Chapter five through eight talks about “what is ours when we have faith through Jesus”. Chapter 5 begins with the words “being Justified by Faith we have peace through God”, we are brought into a right relationship and will “set free” from the law. Chapter 6 tells us that sin will no longer be your master. Romans chapter 8 says “there is no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus”.


As Paul reviews everything that God has done for us he ends up saying “nothing can separate us from the love of god Jesus Christ”.

Chapter 9 to 11. Chapter 9 to 11 takes us to a fascinating glimpse of the sovereignty of God in history and that the gospel wasn’t a new thing that God invented. It goes back to the promises of Abraham.

From chapter 12 through to the end of the book we have the application of the gospel and the practicalities of the life of Christians. We should “present our bodies as a living sacrifice” which is the right thing for us to do. That’s what worship is all about, dedicating our very existence to honouring God. Our lives are changed, this impacts the way we live in our Communities, this is the whole Christian life experience. This is the power of the gospel when I embrace and follow Christ.

If you found this post useful share it with others and let’s get more people interested in seeing the beauty of the gospel as portrayed in the book of Romans. Any questions you might have please do let me know in the comments below.

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I hope you found this simple outline of the book of romans useful, hope to see you hear again soon.


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